Preposition

Lesson kali ini mengulas tentang preposition.

Preposition (kata depan) digunakan untuk menunjukkan tempat dan waktu serta digunakan untuk menunjukkan hubungan kata didalam kalimat. Berikut ini beberapa kata yang menjadi ciri preposition.

at from into during including until against
among throughout despite towards upon concerning of
to with in for on by about
like through over before between after since
without under within along following across behind
beyond plus except but up

Jenis-jenis Preposition

Berdasarkan fungsinya, preposition dapat diklasifikasi kedalam:

Preposition of Time

Jenis preposisi ini digunakan untuk menginformasikan mengenai waktu. Dengan kata lain, preposition of time menjawab pertanyaan "kapan?".

Preposition Fungsi Contoh Penggunaan
on hari I will meet you on Monday
in bulan, tahun, musim I will be there in March
morning / evening / afternoon
periode waktu tertentu
at malam Most of people sleep at night
waktu yang telah diketahui I will learn English at 8PM this night
since dari waktu tertentu dimasa lalu hingga sekarang I have learned English since last semester
for jumlah waktu tertentu We learn English for an hour
before waktu sebelum sekarang I met him before pandemic
to menyatakan waktu sebelum waktu tertentu It is a month to exam
from waktu ketika sesuatu dimulai I have been here from half an hour ago
till / until hingga sekarang I will wait till / until 5 o'clock
by selambat-lambatnya, pada saat atau sebelum I will be here by 9AM
during selama rentang watu tertentu I learn English autonomously during pandemic

Berikut ini contoh yang disadur dari abstrak jurnal.

  • It was discovered that the preservice teacher’s noticing skill did not exhibit the features of Level 4 at any time during the study.

Preposition of Place

Jenis preposisi ini digunakan untuk menginformasikan mengenai tempat. Jenis preposisi ini menjawab pertanyaan "dimana?".

  • I live in Makassar
  • I am a student of English Education at Universitas Negeri Makassar

Berikut ini contoh yang disadur dari abstrak jurnal.

  • This research focuses on the identity development of ten student teachers during a one-year Teacher’s Pedagogical Studies program in Finland.
  • The main purpose of the present study was to illuminate the factors that enhance or inhibit job satisfaction among second-career teachers (SCTs) in their initial period at school.
  • In an attempt to better understand how teacher educators perceive of their work task, interviews were conducted with twelve Early Childhood teacher educators at a Swedish University.

Jenis Preposition berdasarkan Kompleksitasnya

Berdasarkan kompleksitasnya, preposition dapat diklasifikasi menjadi:

Simple Preposition

Preposisi sederhana (simple) biasanya diawali dengan "at, for, in, off, on, over, atau under".

Berikut ini contoh simple preposition yang dikutip dari abstrak jurnal.

  • This research, carried out in the academic year 2018/2019, involved 183 Italian students enrolled on the bachelor's degree in Primary Education Sciences at the University of Salerno attending the course “School experimentation and educational planning”.
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate a preservice middle school mathematics teacher’s noticing of student mathematical thinking within the context of lesson study as a component of a teaching practicum course in a teacher education program.

Double Preposition

Double preposition, sesuai istilahnya, terdiri dari dua buah preposisi. Beberapa contoh double preposition adalah "without, amid, outside, inside, within, throughout, into dan onto".

  • The schooling of autistic students cannot be achieved without important adaptation of teaching methods.
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate a preservice middle school mathematics teacher’s noticing of student mathematical thinking within the context of lesson study as a component of a teaching practicum course in a teacher education program.
  • Special teachers were more likely to carry out multiple research cycles than mainstream colleagues and to quickly build LS into the existing timetable.

Participial Preposition

Participial preposition merujuk kepada participle yang memiliki fungsi sebagai preposisi. Beberapa present participial preposition yang biasanya digunakan adalah "following, considering, regarding, assuming, including, excluding dan during". Sementara beberapa contoh past participial preposition adalah "given dan provided".

  • The aim of this study is to explore Dutch primary school teachers’ perceptions regarding their pedagogical practices, and, specifically, whether they consider these practices under pressure.

Compound Preposition / Complex Preposition

Compound preposition atau complex preposition merujuk kepada preposisi yang terdiri dari beberapa kata. Beberapa diantaranya adalah "prior to, pursuant to, according to, because of, similar to, subsequent to, instead of, left to, whereas, outside of, close to, aside from, ahead of, far from, that of dan as per."

  • The challenges confronting K-12 schools in Vietnam are, according to the participants, partly caused by the existing policies and practices of teacher education.

Phrasal Preposition

Sesuai istilahnya, phrasal preposition merupakan jenis preposisi yang berupa phrase (frasa). Biasanya, jenis preposisi ini terdiri dari adverb, verb dan kata lainnya yang berfungsi sebagai phrasal preposition. Beberapa contohnya adalah "in addition to, in spite of, on account of, as soon as, as opposed to, as far as, in reference to, on top of, with the exception of, by all means, in accordance with, in front of dan as long as".

  • As opposed to her low-level noticing at the onset of study, Lisa showed progress over time.