Herringbone Reading Technique

Herringbone reading technique (teknik membaca Herringbone) merupakan salah satu teknik membaca yang menggunakan, mengaplikasikan, atau memanfaatkan diagram (berupa kerangka visual) Herringbone dengan tujuan untuk memahami teks atau bacaan.

Selain itu, diagram Herringbone juga sangat membantu dalam membuat catatan singkat tentang bacaan untuk proses mengingat kembali (recalling) isi bacaan.

Diagram Herringbone

Dalam penggunaannya, teknik membaca Herringbone mengaplikasikan kerangka visual yang menyerupai struktur tulang ikan dimana masing-masing cabang mewakili what (apa), where (dimana), when (kapan), why (mengapa), who (siapa) dan how (bagaimana).

Contoh Pengaplikasian Teknik Membaca Herringbone

Berikut ini merupakan contoh pengaplikasian teknik membaca Herringbone (Herringbone reading technique) yang diaplikasikan untuk meringkas abstrak jurnal ilmiah yang berjudul "Beginning student teachers’ educational ideals" oleh Heleen Simonsz, Yvonne Leeman & Wiel Veugelers1.

The aim of this study is to gain insight into the content and sources of the educational ideals of beginning student teachers. We interviewed twenty-four beginning student teachers within the disciplines of history and the English language from three teacher education institutes in the Netherlands. The student teachers were selected using the maximum variation sampling strategy and participated voluntarily. Our findings show that beginning student teachers have various educational ideals regarding the personal, interpersonal and societal development of their students. Meaningful experiences related to forming educational ideals took place in the context of school, family, jobs and voluntary activities and societal issues. We conclude by discussing the outcomes of this study for teacher education and future research.

Berkenaan dengan tujuan memahami konten pada abstrak jurnal, maka pengaplikasian teknik membaca Herringbone dapat meliputi:

  • WHAT
    1. Variabel penelitian
    2. Hasil/temuan penelitian
  • WHERE
    • Lokasi penelitian
  • WHEN
    • Waktu penelitian
  • WHY
    • Latar belakang penelitian (alasan dilakukannya penelitian) atau tujuan penelitian
  • WHO
    1. Peneliti
    2. Partisipan penelitian
  • HOW
    • Metode pengumpulan data penelitian

Berikut konversi jurnal diatas kedalam diagram Herringbone.

Berdasarkan diagram Herringbone diatas, diketahui bahwa:

5W1H Point
WHAT Beginning student teachers have various educational ideals regarding the personal, interpersonal and societal development of their students. Meaningful experiences related to forming educational ideals took place in the context of school, family, jobs and voluntary activities and societal issues.
WHERE Three teacher education institutes in Netherlands.
WHEN -
WHY To gain insight into the content and sources of the educational ideals of beginning student teachers.
WHO Twenty-four beginning student teachers majoring history and English from three teacher education institutes in Netherlands.
HOW The student teachers were selected using the maximum variation sampling strategy and participated voluntarily.

  1. Heleen Simonsz, Yvonne Leeman & Wiel Veugelers. Beginning student teachers’ educational ideals. European Journal of Teacher Education. ↩︎