Academic Presentation

Lesson kali ini mengulas tentang praktek presentasi akademik.

Presentation Session

Presentasi akademik umumnya terdiri dari opening atau pembuka, body, conclusion atau kesimpulan dan closing atau penutup.

Opening

Presentasi akademik biasanya dibuka dengan salam yang singkat.

  • Assalamu'alaikum.
  • Good morning.
  • Good afternoon.

Selanjutnya, presenter memperkenalkan diri atau memperkenalkan anggota kelompok (jika presentasi kelompok).

NOTE: Perkenalan diri secara formal (terujar & tertulis) dibahas lebih lengkap pada Lesson berjudul "Self Introduction in Formal English".

  • I am ....... from group .......
  • My name is ....... from group .......
  • We are group ......., my name is .......

Selanjutnya, presenter memperkenalkan topik yang dibahas kepada audience yang dimulai dengan menyapa audience dengan "ladies and gentleman".

  • Ladies and gentleman, in this opportunity, I/we will be talking about .......
  • Ladies and gentleman, in this presentation, I/we will be presenting .......
  • Ladies and gentleman, my/our topic is about .......
  • Ladies and gentleman, the topic of today's session is .......

Pada bagian ini, presenter sebaiknya mengungkapkan alasan-alasan tentang mengapa topik yang akan disajikan penting untuk dibahas atau mengungkapkan keuntungan dari mendengarkan topik yang akan disajikan. Hal tersebut dilakukan untuk menarik minat audience.

  • In this opportunity, I/we will be talking about [tema/topik/judul] which is very important for .......
  • [Tema/topik/judul] is essential and urgent to be discussed as it [alasan]

Body/Content

Pada bagian ini, presenter mulai menyajikan presentasi. Konten presentasi yang disajikan sepatutnya menjawab unsur 5W1H (what, when, where, why, who dan how) dan disajikan seringkas dan sepadat mungkin.

Selanjutnya, dalam presentasi akademik presenter dituntut untuk berbicara dengan didasari oleh fakta-fakta ilmiah. Pernyataan ilmiah sendiri merupakan pernyataan yang didasari oleh sumber, referensi atau rujukan yang jelas dan valid. Olehnya, upayakan agar setiap pernyataan agar didasari oleh sumber yang bisa diverifikasi kebenarannya.

Contoh kalimat presentasi: Anna Abramczyk & Susanne Jurkowski define cooperative learning as an evidence-based teaching strategy1.

CATATAN: Untuk pernyataan yang bersifat umum (kebenaran umum), tidak perlu menyertakan atau menyebutkan referensi; misalnya "internet has been widely applied in education". Namun jika ada, maka hal tersebut akan jauh lebih bagus.

Conclusion

Setelah menyampaikan inti dari presentasi, presenter menyampaikan kesimpulan (conclusion) dalam 2 hingga 3 kalimat pendek. Adapun yang dijelaskan dalam conclusion adalah interpretasi presenter terhadap poin-poin penting yang telah dibahas dalam presentasi. Perlu diingat bahwa dalam conclusion, presenter sebaiknya tidak mengulang apa yang telah disampaikan pada bagian body/content. Presenter juga sebaiknya tidak memperkenalkan informasi baru. Presenter dapat membuka bagian conclusion dengan pernyataan berikut:

  • The conclusion for today's discussion is .......
  • To sum up, .......

Closing

  • Thank your very much for your attention!
  • Thank you for listening!

Discussion Session

Presentasi kelas normalnya diakhiri dengan diskusi atau sesi tanya-jawab. Dalam hal ini, adalah tugas moderator untuk memberi kesempatan kepada audience untuk bertanya. Jika tidak terdapat moderator, maka salah satu dari presenter harus merangkap sebagai penyaji materi (presenter) sekaligus sebagai moderatir. Berikut beberapa ungkapan yang dapat digunakan.

Inviting Questions

Untuk memberi kesempatan kepada audience untuk bertanya, presenter/moderator dapat menggunakan ungkapan:

  • Any question from the floor?
  • Is there any question?
  • Is my/our presentation clear?
  • Do you have something to ask?
  • If you have something to ask, please raise your hand.
  • Should you have any question, raise your hand.
  • Ladies and gentleman, the presenters have just come to the end of their presentation. Now we move to the question and answer session. I will give you opportunity to ask your questions and to deliver your objection or suggestion to the presenters. Please raise you hand and please do not speak after I allow you to speak.

Berikut ini beberapa ungkapan yang dapat digunakan dalam memilih penanya, pemberi saran dan sanggahan.

  • [Sebutkan nama penanya], what is your question?
  • [Sebutkan posisi penanya menggunakan preposition of place; misal: the man/woman on the left corner, the man/woman in the first/second/third row, dll. atau dengan menyebutkan ciri-ciri penanya; misal. the man/woman who wear blue shirt/wearing blue shirt, dll.], what is your question?

Audience yang ditunjuk oleh moderator dapat merespon dengan pertama-tama mengucapkan terima kasih kepada moderator lalu diikuti dengan pertanyaan.

  • You said that [mengulang poin yang disampaikan presenter]. My question is ....... / My questions are ....... Thank you.
  • You have just explained that [mengulang poin yang disampaikan presenter]. My question is ....... / My questions are ....... Thank you.

Beberapa Ungkapan Penting

Berikut ini beberapa ungkapan yang dapat digunakan dalam sesi diskusi.

Menyatakan Pendapat

  • I'm certain that .......
  • In my opinion, .......
  • My personal opinion is that .......
  • In my limited experience, .......
  • I tend towards opinion that .......
  • To the best of my knowledge, .......
  • I'm convinced that .......

Persetujuan

  • I agree with .......
  • I couldn't agree with you more.
  • I am with you in this point.

Ketidak-setujuan/Sanggahan

  • I disagree with .......
  • I don't think so
  • I couldn't see the logic in .......
  • You said that ......., but .......

Interrupting

  • Excuse me! .......
  • Sorry for interrupting, .......
  • I am sorry, .......

Example

Berikut ini merupakan contoh skrip presentasi akademik (skenario presentasi kelas).

[Intro] Good morning! Thank you very much for having me. I am so delighted to be here. First of all, I would like to express my gratitude to our lecturer, Mr. X, who gives me opportunity to be here. In this opportunity, I would like to talk about "The Application of Internet in Language Learning".

[Body] It has been known that internet enables people around the world to communicate each other. In education, there are myriad studies conducted that emphasize the application of internet in language learning and majority of the studies conclude that internet has potential to be adopted as medium in learning language.

Among internet technologies that are commonly discussed, Girgin in 2011 states that website becomes the most popular communication tool nowadays. It has successfully been applied for language learning purposes such as in teaching and learning Arabic as revealed by Cushion & Hemard in 2002; Chinese as published by Jiang & Ramsay in 2005; Mandarin as explained by Leung in 2007; Spanish as published by Pardo-Ballester in 2010 and many more languages. Through online searching on major journal publishers, English becomes the most popular language taught through web – proven through abundant scholarly-published journals.

[dan seterusnya.]

[Conclusion] To sum up, internet has great potential to be adopted in language learning. Thing that should be considered in adopting internet technology as medium of learning is the features it offers, its capabilities in supporting pedagogy, and instructional materials used.

I think that's all that I can present in this presentation. If you have any question to ask, raise your hand, please.

[Question & Answer Session] Okay, the man on my left, please be straight to your question.

[Asking Question] Thank you, presenter. Such a great presentation. My question is very simple, what do you mean by internet features?

[Clarifying the Question] You've just asked me about internet features and your question is what do I mean by internet features, isn't it?

[Confirmation] yes, it is.

[Answering Question] Thank you for asking. What I mean by internet features in this case is capabilities of internet technology chosen in providing resources that support teaching and learning such as messaging system, synchronous communication, et cetera. Is my answer clear?

[Response] Yes, it is. Thank you!

[Closing] I think we have come to the end of the presentation. Thank you very much for your attention.


  1. Cooperative learning as an evidence-based teaching strategy: what teachers know, believe, and how they use it by Anna Abramczyk & Susanne Jurkowski ↩︎