Subject & Verb Agreement

Dalam tes Bahasa Inggris, seperti TOEFL (Test of English as Foreign Language) dan/atau IELTS (International English Language Testing System), terdapat porsi soal yang dimaksudkan untuk mengecoh peserta tes dengan pola kesesuaian antara subjek dan predikat (subject-predicate agreement).

Pada course kali ini akan diberikan beberapa contoh kesesuaian antara subject dengan predicate yang disadur dari jurnal ilmiah.

Fokus pada bagian yang dicetak tebal pada contoh-contoh berikut ini.

Contoh 1 (Khan et al. 2021)1

For this study, all hypotheses were developed based on direct relationships among the constructs. The first hypothesis of the study showed a direct relationship between C and OLE.

Contoh 2 (Akçayır et al. 2018)2

A final reported advantage of the flipped classroom is ability to use class time more efficiently (13%). Since students are provided all lectures as homework (to be studied outside of class), valuable class time is freed up and may be dedicated to student-centered learning activities such as discussion, feedback, hands-on activities, etc.

Contoh 3 (Ali & Hanna, 2022)3

With the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic, many universities adopted a hybrid learning model as a substitute for a traditional one. Predicting students’ performance in hybrid environments is a complex task because it depends on extracting and analyzing different types of data: log data, self-reports, and face-to-face interactions. Students must develop Self-Regulated Learning (SRL) strategies to monitor their learning in hybrid contexts.

Pada contoh-contoh ekstrak diatas, terlihat bagaimana kesesuaian antara subject dengan predicate sangat penting untuk diperhatikan.

Demikian halnya karena Bahasa Inggris memiliki aturan yang berbeda dengan Bahasa Indonesia terkait penggunaan subject dan predicate.

Seperti yang telah diketahui bersama bahwa tata Bahasa Inggris mengatur penggunaan subject dan predicate, misalnya dalam kalimat simple present

Berikut ini analisis terkait subject dan predicate dari contoh-contoh diatas.

Contoh Subject Predicate Sentence Tense
1 all hypotheses were developed verbal, passive simple past

Contoh 1 diatas menggunakan irregular noun (berdasarkan perubahannya dari singular ke plural) sebagai subject kalimat.

Bentuk singular dari 'hypotheses' adalah 'hypothesis'.

Berdasarkan aturan pembentukan kalimat pasif dalam Bahasa Inggris, untuk konteks waktu past dan untuk subject yang berjenis plural, maka be verb 'were' digunakan. Selanjutnya, past participle 'developed' digunakan untuk menegaskan aktivitas yang dilakukan.

Potensi opsi jawaban pengecoh untuk contoh soal nomor 1 diatas antara lain:

a. all hypotheses was developed
b. all hypothesis were developed
c. all hypotheses were developing
d. all hypothesis was developing

Contoh nomor 2 dan nomor 3, yakni:

  1. The first hypothesis of the study showed a direct relationship between C and OLE.
  2. A final reported advantage of the flipped classroom is ability to use class time more efficiently (13%).

menggunakan pola yang cenderung sama - yakni posisi subject dan predicate yang terpisah oleh preposition.

Contoh Subject Predicate Sentence Tense
2 the first hypothesis showed verbal, active simple past
3 advantage is nominal simple present

asd

Contoh Subject Predicate Sentence Tense
4 students are provided verbal, passive simple present
5 class time is freed up verbal, active simple present
6 universities adopted verbal, active simple past
7 predicting is nominal simple present
8 students must develop verbal, active simple present

  1. Khan, M., Siddiqui, F., Khan, M. & Rasool, Y. (2021). Technology Induction in Education During COVID-19 is Recreation or a Curse?: Integration of Technological and Behavioral Factors from the Students’ Perspective. European Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Recreation, 11(2) 267-279. ↩︎

  2. Akçayır, G., & Akçayır, M. (2018). The flipped classroom: A review of its advantages and challenges. Computers & Education, 126, 334–345. ↩︎

  3. Ali. H. D., Hanna, W. K. (2022). Predicting Students’ Achievement in a Hybrid Environment Through Self-Regulated Learning, Log Data, and Course Engagement: A Data Mining Approach. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 60(4) 960-985. ↩︎