Dependent Clauses: Adverb (Adverbial) Clauses

Adverb clause (adverbial clause) merupakan kelompok kata atau kombinasi kata berjenis 'dependent clause' yang mengandung subjek dan predikat yang berfungsi layaknya adverb - yakni untuk memberi keterangan terhadap verb.

Adverbial clause dapat diidentifikasi dengan adanya subordinating conjunctions seperti "when", "although", "because", "if", "since", "until", "while", dll. yang mendahului subjek dan predikat.

Dependent Clauses Examples Description
Adjective Clause The person who is standing beside my car is my son. 'who is standing beside my car' menerangkan subjek 'the person'.
Noun Clause Who is standing beside my car is my son. 'who is standing beside my car' adalah subjek dari kalimat.
Adverb Clause Since the person standing beside my car is my son, I would let him be. 'since the person standing beside my car' menjelaskan main clause.

Dykes, B. (2007)1 menjelaskan bahwa terdapat 9 jenis dari adverb clause atau adverbial clause, diantaranya:

Adverb Clause of Fungsi Contoh
Time menerangkan waktu The students raised their hands when the lecturer checked the attendance list.
Place menerangkan tempat He will go where the meeting is being held.
Reason menerangkan alasan The students did not come to the meeting because it was rescheduled.
Manner menerangkan cara All my lecturers worked tirelessly as if they had an endless supply of energy.
Condition menerangkan kondisi You would need to go to hospital if you were bitten by a venomous spider.
Result menerangkan hasil atau efek My son loves playing musical instruments, so he learns about how to play them through Youtube.
Purpose menerangkan tujuan He is working hard so that she can become a lecturer.
Concession menerangkan sesuatu terjadi terlepas dari sesuatu yang lain. Although my son loves playing musical instruments, he does not wish to study how to play cello.
Comparison membandingkan My son speaks English better than I do.

Catatan: Adverb clause, adjective clause, dan noun clause dapat muncul dengan diawali dengan 'where'. Letak perbedaan diatara ketiganya dapat dilihat dan diidentifikasi berdasarkan rujukan dari klausa yang diidentifikasi.

  • Adverb clause dengan 'where' berfungsi sebagai adverb yang memodifikasi verb. Misalnya: we will go where the meeting is being held. Pada contoh ini, 'where the meeting is being held' menerangkan verb 'go'.
  • Adjective clause dengan 'where' berfungsi sebagai adjective yang memodifikasi noun atau pronoun. Misalnya: the house where I grew up is now a museum. Pada contoh ini, 'where I grew up' merujuk kepada 'the house'.
  • Noun clause dengan 'where' berfungsi sebagai noun yang dapat menduduki posisi subjek, objek, atau komplemen. Misalnya: we know where the meeting is being held. Pada contoh ini, noun clause 'where the meeting is being held' berposisi sebagai objek dari verb 'know'.

Berikut ini beberapa contoh otentik dari adverb clause atau adverbial clause yang disadur dari jurnal ilmiah bereputasi.

Contoh Analisis
1. The importance of English is increasing because it is the language of science, medicine, tourism, and other fields2.
2. This is the reason why digital literacy education should be conducted using learning system embedded with knowledge management with purpose to guide learners achieve knowledge understanding so that it can lead to attitude-behavior consistency3.

  1. Dykes, B. (2007). Grammar for Everyone: Practical tools for learning and teaching grammar. ACER Press. ↩︎

  2. Mussa, I.H., Sazalli, N.A. and Hassan, Z. (2022) “Mobile learning by English literature students: The role of user satisfaction,” Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, 11(1), pp. 550–557. doi: 10.11591/eei.v11i1.3277 ↩︎

  3. Rahmah, A. (2015). Digital Literacy Learning System for Indonesian Citizen. Procedia Computer Science, 72, 94–101. doi: 10.1016/j.procs.2015.12.109 ↩︎