The longer title of this post would be "How To Apply Design-based Research in English for Foreign Language Context".
Design-based Research: Definition and Characteristics
Design-based research is different with other similar research design such as research and development (R&D) and action research (AR). Design-based research (DBR) is simply based on the notion that the nature and condition of learning can be learned by attempting to engineer and sustain educational innovation in everyday setting (Bell, 2004) which emphasizes the study of learning as an impact of particular instructional interventions (The Design-Based Research Collective, 2003). It targets validity, effectiveness and practical aspects of an artefact and theory.
In simply, it is a systematic study of designing, developing and evaluating educational programs, processes, and products which is characterized by complex problem in real context it addresses in collaboration with practitioners (T. Anderson & Shattuck, 2012, p. 187).
In its practice, design-based research can apply ADDIE (analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation) as commonly found in research and development (R&D) as instructional design.
Design-based research, can also be identified as the terms so called (1) design research, (2)) development research, (3) developmental research, (4) design experiments, (5) educational design-research, and (6) formative research (Akker et al., 2006; Cobb et al., 2003; Collins et al., 2004; Herrington et al., 2007; Kennedy-Clark, 2013; McKenney & Reeves, 2012, 2014; Shattuck & Anderson, 2013, p. 187; F. Wang & Hannafin, 2005a).
Design-based Research: Procedure
In conducting design-based research, the researcher should analyze potential problems of the environment being researched. It can be from the students' side, technology, etc.
After conducting analysis, the DBR researcher can start designing the prototype of the artefact offered as solution towards the identified problems. In design phase, the researcher should consider practitioners' suggestions as design-based research requires collaboration with practitioner.
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